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Use try-catch in javascript


Try-catch is a JavaScript language construct that you can use to catch exceptions in synchronous code. Use try-catch, for example, to handle JSON parsing errors as shown below.

  • The try statement lets you test a block of code for errors.
  • The catch statement lets you handle the error.
  • The throw statement lets you create custom errors.
  • The finally statement lets you execute code, after try and catch, regardless of the result.

Use a tool such as JSHint or JSLint to help you find implicit exceptions like reference errors on undefined variables.

Here is an example of using try-catch to handle a potential process-crashing exception. This code try to parse a string into json object.

var jsonStr = 'your json object in string';
try {
var jsonObj = JSON.parse(jsonStr);
} catch (e) {
// handle exception

However, try-catch works only for synchronous code. Because the Node platform is primarily asynchronous (particularly in a production environment), try-catch won’t catch a lot of exceptions.

The Error Object

JavaScript has a built in error object that provides error information when an error occurs.

The error object provides two useful properties: name and message.

  • name: Sets or returns an error name
  • message: Sets or returns an error message (a string)

Six different values can be returned by the error name property

  • EvalError: An error has occurred in the eval() function
  • RangeError: A number “out of range” has occurred
  • ReferenceError: An illegal reference has occurred
  • SyntaxError: A syntax error has occurred
  • TypeError: A type error has occurred
  • URIError: An error in encodeURI() has occurred